Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the World's Religions
September 7, 2011
     
Whereas human beings are led to affirm that there is more to life than life itself by inspiration human and divine;
      Whereas the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 10, 1948 bases itself on the former;
      Whereas any exclusion of the world's religions as positive resources for human rights is obnoxious to the evidence of daily life;
      Whereas the various communities constituting the peoples of the world must exchange not only ideas but also ideals;
      Whereas religions ideally urge human beings to live in a just society and not just in any society;
      Whereas one must not idealize the actual but strive to realize the ideal;
      Whereas not to compensate victims of imperialism, racism, casteism and sexism is itself imperialist, racist, casteist and sexist;
      Whereas rights are independent of duties in their protection but integrally related to them in conception and execution;
      Whereas human rights are intended to secure peace, freedom, equality and justice — and to mitigate departures therefrom — when these come in conflict or the rights themselves;     Now, therefore, on the fiftieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Faculty of Religious Studies, at McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada;
The signatories to this Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the World's Religions, as legatees of the religious heritage of humanity do hereby propose the following as the common standard of achievement for the followers of all religions or none, on the 10th day of December, 1998, as all people are brothers and sisters on the face of the earth.

ARTICLE 1

      All human beings have the right to be treated as human beings and have the duty to treat everyone as a human being.

ARTICLE 2

      Everyone has the right to freedom from violence, in any of its forms, individual or collective; whether based on race, religion, gender, caste or class, or arising from any other cause.

ARTICLE 3

      (1)Everyone has the right to food.
(2) Everyone has the right to life, longevity and liveability and the right to food, clothing and shelter to sustain them.
(3) Everyone has the duty to support and sustain the life, longevity and liveability of all.
(4) Everyone has the right to be cared for with dignity at the end of life, to die with dignity, and to have one’s dead body treated with dignity. It is the duty of everyone to ensure this.

ARTICLE 4

      (1) No one shall be subjected to slavery or servitude, forced labour, bonded labour or child labour. Slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all its forms.
(2) No one shall subject anyone to slavery or servitude in any of its forms.

ARTICLE 5

      (1) No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, inflicted either physically or mentally, whether on secular or religious grounds, inside the home or outside it.
(2) No one shall subject anybody to such treatment.

ARTICLE 6

      (1) Everyone has a right to recognition everywhere as a person before law; and by everyone everywhere as a human being deserving humane treatment, even when law and order has broken down.
(2) Everyone has the duty to treat everyone else as a human being both in the eyes of law and one's own.

ARTICLE 7

      All are equal before law and entitled to equal protection before law without any discrimination on grounds of race, religion, caste, class, sex and sexual orientation. It is the right of everyone to be so treated and the duty of everyone to so treat others.

ARTICLE 8

      Everybody has the duty to prevent the perpetuation of historical, social, economic, cultural and other wrongs.

ARTICLE 9

      (1) No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile by the state or by anyone else. The attempt to proselytize against the will of the person shall amount to arbitrary detention, so also the detention, against their will, of teenage children by the parents, and among spouses.
(2) It is the duty of everyone to secure everyone's liberty.

ARTICLE 10

      Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against themselves. Everyone who cannot afford a lawyer must be provided on by the state.

ARTICLE 11

      Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be considered innocent until proven guilty.

ARTICLE 12

      (1) Everyone has the right to privacy. This right includes the right not to be subjected to arbitrary interference with one's privacy; of one's own, or of one's family, home or correspondence.
(2) Everyone has the right to one's good name.
(3) It is the duty of everyone to protect the privacy and reputation of everyone else.

ARTICLE 13

      (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence anywhere in the world.
(2) Everyone has the duty to abide by the laws and regulations applicable in that part of the world.

ARTICLE 14

      Everyone has the right to seek and secure asylum in any country from any form of persecution, religious or otherwise, and the right not to be deported. It is the duty of every country to provide such asylum.

ARTICLE 15

      (1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of one's nationality nor denied the right to change one's nationality.
(3) Everyone has the duty to promote the emergence of a global constitutional order.

ARTICLE 16

      (1) All men and women have the right to marriage, dissolution of marriage, and single life.
(2) Members of a family have the right to retain and practice their own religion or beliefs.
(3) Everyone has the right to raise a family.
(4) Everybody has the right to renounce the world and join a monastery and to return to lay life, provided that adequate arrangement has been made for one's dependants.
(5) Marriage and monasticism are two of the most fundamental institutional innovations of humanity and are entitled to protection by the society and the state.
(6) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. It is the duty of everyone to extend special consideration to mothers and children.
(7) Everyone shall promote the outlook that the entire world constitutes an extended family.

ARTICLE 17

      (1) Everybody has the right to own property, alone as well as in association with others. An association also has a similar right to own property.
(2) Everyone has a right not to be deprived of property arbitrarily. It is the duty of everyone not to deprive others of their property arbitrarily. Property shall be understood to mean material as well as intellectual, aesthetic and spiritual property.
(3) Everyone has the duty not to deprive anyone of their property or appropriate it in an unauthorized manner.

ARTICLE 18

      (1) There shall be no compulsion in religion. It is a matter of choice.
(2) Everyone has the right to retain one's religion, to change one's religion and to transmit one’s religion.
(3) Everyone has the duty to promote peace and tolerance among different religions, ideologies and worldviews.
(4) Everyone has the right not to have one's religion denigrated in the media or the academia.
(5) It is the duty of the follower of every religion to ensure that no religion is denigrated in the media or the academia.

ARTICLE 19

      (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, where the term expression includes the language one speaks; the food one eats; the clothes one wears; the religion one practices and professes, without unjustly imposing them on others.
(2) It is the duty of everyone to ensure that everyone enjoys such freedom.
(3) Children have the right to express themselves freely in all matters affecting the child, to which it is the duty of their caretakers to give due weight in accordance with the age and maturity of the child.

ARTICLE 20

      (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of assembly and association for peaceful purposes, and the duty to do so peacefully.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association, or to leave one without due process.
(3) Everyone has the right to resist injustice either singly or jointly and it is one’s duty to do so.

ARTICLE 21

      (1) Everybody adult citizen has the right to vote, to elect or be elected and thus to take part in the government or governance of the country, directly or indirectly.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in one's country and the duty to provide such access.
(3) It is the duty of everyone to participate in the political process.

ARTICLE 22

      Everyone, as a member of society, has a right to social security and a duty to contribute to it.

ARTICLE 23

      (1) Everyone has the right to same pay for same work and a duty to offer same pay for same work.
(2) Everyone has the right for just remuneration for one's work and the duty to justly recompense for work done.
(3) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of one's interests.
(4) Everyone has the right not to join a trade union.

ARTICLE 24

      (1) Everyone has the right to work and to rest, including the right to support while seeking work and the right to periodic holidays with pay, including medical and maternity/paternity leave if necessary.
(2) The right to rest extends to the earth.

ARTICLE 25

      (1) Everyone has the right to health and to medical insurance. It is the duty of the state or society to provide it.
(2) Every child has the right to a childhood free from violence of abuse and it is the duty of the parents to provide it.

ARTICLE 26

      Everyone has the right to free education and the right to equality of opportunity for any form of education involving restricted enrollment.

ARTICLE 27

      (1) Everyone has the right to freely participate in the cultural life of the community and the right to freely contribute to it.
(2) Everyone has the right to share scientific advances and its benefits and the duty to disseminate them, and wherever possible to contribute to such advances.
(3) Everyone has the right to the protection of their cultural heritage. It is the duty of everyone to protect and enrich everyone's heritage, including one's own.

ARTICLE 28

      Everyone has the right to socio-economic and political order at a global, national, regional and local level which enables the realization of social, political, economic, racial and gender justice and the duty to give precedence to universal, national, regional and local interests in that order.

ARTICLE 29

      (1) One is duty-bound, when asserting one's rights, to take the rights of other human beings; of past, present and future generations, the rights of humanity, and the rights of nature and the earth into account.
(2) One is duty-bound, when asserting one's rights, to prefer non-violence over violence.

ARTICLE 30

      (1) Everyone has the right to require the formation of a supervisory committee within one's community, defined religiously or otherwise, to monitor the implementation of the ARTICLEs of this Declaration; and to serve on it and present one's case before such a committee.
(2) It is everyone's duty to ensure that such a committee satisfactorily supervises the implementation of these ARTICLEs.

 

 

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Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the World's Religions Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the World's Religions Déclaration universelle des droits de la personne par les religions du monde Declaración Universal de Derechos Humanos por las Religiones del Mundo Allgemeine Erklärung der Menschenrechte der Religionen der Welt